Types of Web Development
- Front-end Development
- Back-end Development
- Full Stack Development
- Website Development
- Desktop Development
- Mobile Development
- Game Development
- Embedded Development
- Security Development
Whether you’re looking to hire a web developer or become one, you should understand the different types of web development that developers can master.
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These different types of web development primarily refer to the different sectors of the profession in which web developers can work. Some of these distinctions overlap, and web developers will often master multiple types of web development.
1. Front-end Development
Front-end developers work on the client-or user-facing side of websites, programs, and software — in other words, what users see. They design and develop the visual aspects, including the layout, navigation, graphics, and other aesthetics.
The main job of these developers is to build interfaces that help users achieve their goals, which is why they also often have a hand in the user experience aspect of their projects.
2. Back-end Development
If the front end is what users see, the back end is what they don’t. Back-end web developers work on the servers of websites, programs, and software to make sure everything works properly behind the scenes.
These developers work with systems like servers, operating systems, APIs, and databases and manage the code for security, content, and site architecture. They collaborate with front-end developers to bring their products to users.
3. Full Stack Development
Full-stack developers work on both the front-end and back-end sides of a website. They can create a website, application, or software program from start to finish. “Stack” refers to the different technologies that handle different functionalities on the same website, like the server, interface, etc.
Because full-stack developers require years in the field to build the necessary experience, this role is often sought after. Their all-around knowledge helps them optimize performance, catch issues before they occur, and helps team members understand different parts of a web service.
4. Website Development
Website developers can be front-end, back-end, or full-stack developers. However, these professionals specialize in building websites, as opposed to mobile applications, desktop software, or video games.
5. Desktop Development
Desktop developers specialize in building software applications that run locally on your device rather than over the Internet in a web browser. Sometimes the skillset of these developers overlaps with that of web developers if an application can run both online and off.
6. Mobile Development
It is the task of Mobile developers to build applications for mobile devices such as smartphones or tablets. Mobile apps operate much differently than other websites and software programs, thus requiring a separate set of development skills and knowledge of specialized programming languages.
7. Game Development
Game developers specialize in writing code for video games, including console games (Xbox, PlayStation, etc.), PC games, and mobile games — which means this specialty overlaps somewhat with mobile development.
8. Embedded Development
Embedded developers work with all hardware that isn’t a computer (or, at least, what most of us imagine as “computers,” with a keyboard and screen). This includes electronic interfaces, consumer devices, IoT devices, real-time systems, and more.
With a recent rise in interconnected devices, as seen with smart appliances, Bluetooth technologies, and virtual assistants, embedded development is becoming an in-demand practice.
9. Security Development
Security developers establish methods and procedures for the security of a software program or website. These developers typically work as ethical hackers, trying to “break” websites to expose vulnerabilities without intending harm. They also build systems that discover and eradicate security risks
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