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Frontend vs Backend Development: All You Need to Know in 2022

Type, click, and scroll! Today, the internet is flushed with one and a half billion websites which is developed or serviced by web developers. Undoubtedly, websites and web applications are essentially a critical component for any business to stay competitive. Well! The people who are responsible to develop these websites, the WEB DEVELOPERS, they analyse, code, test, and maintain applications.

Indeed, the web development practises are constantly addressing changes. But the most common question that puzzles in the mind of every entrepreneur is about what’s at the core of frontend and backend?

In this blog, we’ll go through some of the more complex aspects of both back-end and front-end programming to help you figure out what you need for your IT project. So, let’s get down to our analysis of front end vs back end.

Sporting 6 years of experience, Trident Technolabs is the partner of choice for clients spread across 25 countries, for whom we have created over 400 projects transforming our clients into technology forerunners with the competitive advantage of custom software development

What is Frontend?

A website’s visual aspects must be functional, and this is what front-end is all about. The “client-side” of an application is referred to as the “front end.” Front-end developers put the user at the heart of their work. Front end development services are a branch of web development that focuses on coding and creating user-interface elements and functionality.

Every design element in the application/website right from the placement of the logo to the length of the search bar and on to navigational elements and their placement on the page are components of the website/app’s front end. Front end development focuses on the look and feel of the site/app.

Click here for a list of the top frontend frameworks prevalent today.

What is Front End Development?

Consider the following situation: You care more about what a visitor sees when they visit a website or utilize an app. You’ll also want to ensure that the website is easy to use and that it runs smoothly at the same time.

UX and UI designers work with programmers to bring their visions to life on the website, which they then test to make sure it works properly for the user. You can leverage front end skills to create a static website, a website that displays the same material to the user’s browser as it does when it is stored.

Well! The term “static” refers to a website that doesn’t allow visitors to take action, such as a simple landing page or an extremely small business website. Front end web developers are responsible for creating features like:

  • Symbols, arrows, circles, etc
  • Navigational design components
  • Graphics
  • Animated gifs
  • Management of content

Top Front End Languages 2022

To communicate with their computers, programmers use code. In a way, it’s like telling a computer what to do. Front end developers utilize HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to build a wide variety of development frameworks.

1. HyperText Markup Language (HTML)

HTML is by far the most popular frontend language. Hyper Text Markup Language or HTML is used to build websites as well as web apps. The familiar term ‘webpage’ is basically a document written in HTML. Every HTML file is represented by a URL that a user can leverage to access data on the page in question. HTML is the language of choice for web page development, game development as well as offline support, and responsive UIs.

2. Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)

CSS is a style sheet and yet numerous developers swear by it as a leading frontend language. CSS is a designing language that can be used to build webpages. CSS sports a wide variety of elements and templates that can be used to build a full functional web site or web app effortlessly.

3. JavaScript

The most loved language among developers across the globe is the open-source behemoth JavaScript. The primary objective of JavaScript is to build an interactive website/app that is vibrant, fulfilling, efficient, and visually fulfilling. Adding to its long list of capabilities, JavaScript is also exceptionally fast, is cross-browser interoperable, and represents simple semantics, solidifying its position as the go-to language for web app development.

Front End Frameworks and Libraries

frontend frameworks

Websites are built using HTML, the most used markup language in the world. HTML is used to establish a website’s structure, and CSS is used to add flair and style. The colors, typefaces, and other design elements of the site are all influenced by this one element.

The frontend frameworks and libraries are unique to the intuitive application. Some of the frameworks that proves best for your development initiative are:

  • Angular

Angular, the sole TypeScript-based front-end framework in 2022, earns a place on this list. Angular was first released by Google in 2010 under the name AngularJs. The current version of the Framework (Angular 2+) was created and released in 2016, with the goal of improving technology to overcome the limitations of traditional frameworks. It’s an open-source framework for creating front-end user interfaces, similar to ReactJs.

  • React.js

ReactJs is the most popular front end development framework in 2022. It has a shallow learning curve which has encouraged many new developers to adopt it. Given that React is developed by Facebook, it sports an extensive community of contributors who are instrumental in the consistent evolution of the open-source framework. React’s Virtual Document Object Model (DOM) with outstanding capability is its distinguishing feature.

  • VueJs

If you are familiar with Frakenstein’s monster and understand how to create a powerful output just by mixing and matching the best bits of what was before, then you will surely love Vue.js. The Vuejs development team has done just that. Without re-inventing the wheel, the team at react has used the best aspects of earlier front-end frameworks to create a hyper-functional yet easy to master framework. Vue.js might not be as refined as Angular or as sophisticated as React but it stands in a class of its own when it comes to size, performance and it highlights component-based programming.

Frontend Developer: Roles and Responsibilities

An experienced frontend developer is capable of designing an entire website without any backend work. If they didn’t hire a web developer or use the back end, they’d have a static site. Static sites resemble the websites of places like restaurants and hair salons. A database is not required to store information. In most cases, the pages will stay the same unless it’s time for a new design. A front end developer should know HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, among other things. This occupation is also known as a front end engineer.

Cost of Hiring Frontend Developers

The cost of hiring frontend developers depends upon the size and purpose of your app project. Outsourcing software development is the most common and, in many cases, the best method for finding and hiring top-notch front-end engineers. Generally, the cost of hiring an experienced front-end developer starts from $30/hour.

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What is Backend?

The “server-side” of a website is frequently referred to as the “back end.” A server is basically a computer that is located somewhere off-premise and manages databases. And backend is an architecture of the application and a data access layer that functions as the engine underneath the hood.

Today almost every site you happen upon is dynamic. This means that content is generated in real-time. Any dynamic page runs an approximation of 2 or 3 scripts at a time which are executed by the server when a request pops up. The backend collates these scripts and pushes them into the front end and on to the user’s device.

What is Back End Development?

Development of the website’s architecture, which is invisible to the end-user, reflects back end development. It’s what makes a website dynamic and engaging.

Let’s suppose you want to build a popular social media network. All of your users’ data will need a single location to be stored in order to run your business. Oracle, SQL Server, and MySQL are all well-known examples of databases as data storage facilities. Undoubtedly, database is a root part of backend but there are other aspects of backend structure. Let’s delve into the backend aspects one by one.

Top Backend Languages 2022

In the backend, programmers use a wide variety of languages and frameworks, such as Django and Laravel, Ruby on Rails and Python.

Backend Frameworks and Libraries

backend languages

Some of the most popular back-end frameworks available today are Django, Laravel and Ruby on Rails:

  • Django

Django is a robust Python framework used to develop seamless, pragmatic, and clean web designs. It is one of the most user-friendly open-source backend frameworks for creating sophisticated and feature-rich database-driven websites. Django is a backend web development framework that is widely regarded as one of the best.

This backend framework allows for maximum pluggability, less coding, more reusability, and quicker development. All Django activities are performed in Python, and an optional admin interface is provided to assist with the creation, reading, updating, and deletion of operations. Many well-known websites, including Disqus, Mozilla, and The Washington Times, use Django.

  • Laravel

Laravel is a PHP web framework that uses the Model–View–Controller (MVC) architecture to create robust applications.

It comes with a specific dependency manager and a modular packaging mechanism. Laravel is regarded as one of the top web frameworks, and some experts believe it is the best backend development software available.

Laravel also offers a variety of ways to access relational databases, as well as application management and deployment tools. The source code for Laravel is accessible on GitHub and is licensed under the MIT brand.

  • Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails, popularly known as Rails, is an MIT-licensed Ruby-based server-side web application framework. Rails is a Model-View-Controller framework that includes database default structures, web pages, and web services. Ruby on Rails is one of the top web development frameworks, and some developers consider it to be the best performance web framework.

Back End Developer: Roles and Responsibilities

A back end developer will be in charge of maintaining this database and all of the site’s content within it. When a website’s back end isn’t accessible to users, they can still interact with developers’ work by using a front end application.

Back end web developers are in charge of a variety of responsibilities, including:

  • Extensive Back end coding to build the app architecture
  • Debugging and troubleshooting of web applications
  • Assisting with database operations
  • Incorporating a framework

Cost of Hiring Back End Developers

There are differences in remuneration between front-end and back-end developers. It’s possible that your development initiative requires one aspect of development over the other. Instead of focusing just on projected costs, think about what your website/app requires the most (Database, system, architecture, components for your software) while making this decision. The cost an experienced Backend Developer starts at $30 per hour.

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What is Fullstack Development?

Full-stack developers work both on the front end and the backend of an application. This means that full stack developer handles the computer application in its entirety. We already know that the visual interface is built with front-end tech and the data access layer or the server-side is built with backend tech. While back-end developers and front-end developers are specialists, a full-stack developer is a generalist who understands both front and back ends of an app/site and can work on one without having to divide the development process into two separate elements.

Most of the time, it’s not possible to do full-stack development with just one programmer. In contrast, a full stack developer works for a custom software development firm and is proficient in both sides of the stack. As a result of their wide variety of expertise, they are excellent team players because they are able to see the big picture and suggest ways to improve the process or remove bottlenecks that may be stifling the flow of the SDLC.

The Difference Between Frontend Vs Backend

AspectsFront EndBack End
DefinitionFront end development involves the visual components within a website/appBack-end development involves the implementation of databases and other server-side assets
Skills RequiredHTML, CSS, SASS, and JavaScriptPython, Ruby, Java, and PHP
IndependenceCannot work independently of back end structureWorks independently of the front end structure
GoalAccessibility and visual appealScalability and low latency
FrameworksAngularjs , Reactjs, VuejsDjango , Laravel, Ruby
Additional Skills RequiredUI/UX design proficiencyAnalytical and problem-solving approach

Front End Vs Back End Development: Which One Should You Choose?

So next obvious question is, which one should you choose- Frontend or Backend?

Choose Front End Development If:

Your users deserve an excellent user experience and user interface, don’t you think? Your website’s responsiveness may be a worry of yours. If you answered yes to these questions, then front end development is a great fit for you.

Choose Back End Development If:

If you require a team that makes decisions based on algorithms, has experience working with more complex programming languages and has the know-how required to build a website’s architecture then you need a back end development partner.

In Summation

To put it succinctly: Finding a frontend developer who fits your needs might be a challenge at times. There are many developers out there with varying levels of expertise and knowledge, making it tough to choose the right one. Using this article’s ideas, you can fix this problem. Bringing a top web application development company on board can prove to be a game-changer.

When you have this information, you’ll be able to select the ideal engagement model for your company’s needs and make an informed selection when hiring front end developers or back end developers by properly evaluating their talents.

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